Due to the weather and extreme climate changes, growing something is out of the question. It may be very difficult. Chickens cannot endure such temperatures. Thus cannot survive. It is, therefore, imported. Even certain fruits and vegetables are imported and considered very costly.
Mongolia is also surrounded by land, so also there is no fish seen either.
So, traditional Mongolian foods and drinks comprise mutton or beef—also crops like wheat, barley, oats and potatoes and numerous milk or dairy products.
Khuushur is a savory Mongolian pastry that is traditionally filled with mutton or goat meat. Some people also mix some kind of vegetables like onions, ground peppers, garlic. This food is widely known for its medicinal properties and is believed to stimulate blood circulation.
This crescent-shaped pastry is deep-fried and is eaten by hand. It is a portion of famous
Mongolian street food and is also served in restaurants complemented with lettuce and pickles.
If you want to try Mongolian BBQ, then Mutton kebabs are the closest that you can come to Mongolian BBQ. The kebabs are comprised of mutton, pieces of salted fat, and potatoes high in protein. It is most frequently eaten at festivals like wrestling and archery.
If you are keen to know about Mongolian street food, then this dish is the most renowned as they have a rich and spicy flavor.
Dairy products are usually eaten in Mongolia, and if you are a fan of cheese, you should definitely give this cheese dessert a try on your Mongolia tour.
Qurut, also called aaruul, is a dried, crumbly textured type of cheese biscuit made by draining yogurt or draining sour milk. You may serve it in any form you like. Mongolians love this dessert. Therefore, it is mostly served in restaurants.
This Mongolian delicacy is often offered to guests and visitors, but it is exclusively common and served at weddings. It is a Mongolian cheese made with cow milk. It has a yellow color, a firm texture, while its flavors are usually salty and creamy.
It is served fresh with snacks and can also be served with tea or soups.
Khorkhog is typically made in nomadic families who are living in the Mongolian countryside. It is served in large milk jugs also with heated stones.
Then the meat and stones are placed together in a container, and then water is placed so that the meat is tenderized by the steam. Nomadic tribes usually prepared khorkhog bone-in cuts of mutton, lamb, or goat meat along with vegetables, for instance, cabbage, onions, potatoes, and carrots. This dish is eaten by hands.
Tsuivan is a famous Mongolian dish and is served with noodles. It is prepared with mutton and different kinds of vegetables. The noodles are self-cooked and are normally prepared by hands and are cooked together with meat and diced vegetables. This meat can be of any type, for instance: camel, horse, and beef.
Tsuivan is usually liked by all and is freshly served with scallions sprinkled on top.
Buuz is a traditional steamed Mongolian dumpling. It is filled with beef or mutton and flavored with fresh herbs, salt, onions, and garlic to enhance its flavors. These dumplings are eaten by Mongolian throughout the year and are prepared in a considerable amount.
It is usually eaten during Tsagaan Sar, which is the Mongolian New year festivity that takes place in February.
Buzz has a small opening on the top and is often eaten by hand. Mongolians also usually suggest that it be served with refreshments such as vodka or tea.